The internet is a network of computers connected to the global network. Every computer is connected and communicates with each other. To identify every computer it is named with a different IP address. But it is difficult for the users to remember the IP address. To overcome this problem domain names are introduced. The domain name is the address of any website on the internet. The users type the domain name in the address bar to visit the website. When you enter the domain name it sends a request to a global network of servers and then the server looks for the name server / DNS servers related to the domain. The server forward the request to name servers. The name server is managed by the hosting company.
Domain Name System (DNS)
Domain name systems assign domain names and map domain names to Internet resources. Further DNS translates the domain names into IP addresses. Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) manages the Domain Name System (DNS). ICANN permits Domain Name Registrars to sell the domain name. Domain Name Registrars manage, renew, and transfer the domains to other registrars.
There are many domains available with the domain providers. Let us look at the different types of domain names.
- Top-level domain
- Second-level domain
- Third-level domain
Top level domain(TLD)
The top-level domain is one of the highest-level domains in the hierarchy. The extension is commonly known as TLD. It is the final section of the domain name. There are many types of top-level domains like gTLD, ccTLD, STLD, and ngTLD.
Generic Top-level domain (gTLD)
The top-level domain is the generic domain extension commonly known as TLD. TLD is the highest level of the DNS hierarchy. The most used TLD is generic TLD. The most used top-level domain are .com, .net, .biz, and .info.
Country code Top-level domain (ccTLD)
CcTD is the country-specific Top-level domain (TLD). The domain names end with country-based extensions. This country code Top-level domain (TLD) is used by the website that targets specific country people. Examples of the CcTD are .us, .in, .uk,
Sponsored Top Level Domain (TLD)
The sponsored Top Level Domain is a type of specialized top-level domain. Sponsored Top Level Domain has a sponsor representing a specific community. The communities include organizations, educational institutions, government departments, etc. Example: .org, .edu, .gov.
New generic Top level domain (ngTLD)
The new generic Top level domain (ngTLD) is for businesses and organizations. Examples of new generic Top level domain is .blog, .shop, and .news.
Geographic New Generic Top Level Domain (Geo ngTLD)
The TLDs are catered to a specific geographic location. Examples of Geo ngTLD are .nyc and .paris.
Second-level domains (SLD)
The second-level domain is the domain name that comes from before the top-level domain. For example, take the .in CCTLD which has .co.in where .co is the .co second-level domain for the Top level domain (TLD).
Third level domain
The third level domain is the secondary domain within the DNS hierarchy. It is second to the left of Second-level domains (SLD). To add a subdomain to your existing domain using third level domain. It is referred to as a subdomain. This subdomain is used by large-sized enterprises to differentiate departments. An example of a third-level domain is www.abc.com.
Choose the domain from different types according to your wish. Get the web domain to start your website for your business. After that, buy the web hosting for your website. There are various web hosting types available. Choose a web hosting plan according to your business.
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